Types of Heat Pumps

Are you considering buying a new heat source for your residence? An energy-efficient heat pump could be precisely what you’re looking for. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but new, energy-efficient models can split your heating costs in half. They also provide cooling in the warm months for year-round comfort from just one little system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the different types of heat pumps before you decide what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a unique genre of HVAC system able to produce heating and cooling. In the summer, they work much like an air conditioner, using electricity to pull heat from your home. In the winter, a reversing valve enables the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to warm your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are known for their remarkable efficiency. Because they move heat rather than generate it from a fuel source, heat pumps can accomplish more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a top mark of 98% efficiency for modern gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just picking a system that increases your home’s comfort; you’re selecting a setup geared toward sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

Although heat pumps have several subcategories, each system falls into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most commonly used type of heat pump. Installation is usually uncomplicated, and these systems perform exceptionally well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a channel for heat exchange. In other words, they extract heat from the outside air during the cold months and pull heat out of your home during the warm months.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is located near a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump could be an alternative. These systems run using water as the method for heat exchange, providing another efficiency boost. While less widely used than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water close to the home, these are a valuable option for homeowners with the right environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you want the single most efficient climate control method available, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worthwhile options. These units tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to supply consistent and very efficient heating and cooling. The downside to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and cost of installation, which often involves excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

Once you know what heat pump style you need in your home, the next step is to choose the proper subtype. Your choices include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you are in a community with extreme temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These systems come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps toggle between these different ways of transferring heat, changing with current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces depend on the heat pump when there’s relatively mild weather. Then, when temperatures plummet, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, saving energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Combining green energy with home heating and cooling is a terrific way to slash your energy bills and improve the environment. Solar heat pumps operate using power created by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for installation of your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the traditional setup for most homes already outfitted with ductwork. The inside unit is commonly installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this design, all mechanical elements are located in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is most suitable for homes or commercial buildings lacking indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also referred to as mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions where ductwork isn’t present. Every room can have its own indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, providing targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact devices are perfect for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other selections, they offer quick and straightforward installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you’re ready to install a heat pump, turn to the knowledgeable professionals at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can rest easy knowing you’ll get a job well done every time. Our qualified technicians will see to it your heat pump system is tailored to your needs, from installation to routine maintenance to occasional repairs.

Prepared to indulge in home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!